Liquid manure (manure tea) is good for your crops as it contains a lot of nitrogen, phosphorous, and other elements needed for a healthy plant life. In addition, the fertilizer is readily available to plants. You can make liquid manure either by using weeds or fresh animal waste/dung.
Liquid Fertilizer from Weeds
Leaves from Tithonia diversifolia (looks like sunflower) are rich in nitrogen and phosphorous. More so, they have a strong smell that repels insects.
- Collect soft green (easy to decompose) tithonia weeds from your field or hedges
- Cut the weeds into small sizes for easy decomposition
- Put the tithonia leaves into a plastic container. Add water to fill the container
- Cover the container with a lid or a plastic paper
- Leave it sealed for about 3 weeks under a shade
- You will notice that a black and smelly liquid has been formed
- Filter the liquid through a gunny bag/sack
- Dilute the liquid with water to the color of strong black tea or the ratio of 4 portions of water to 1 portion of the liquid fertilizer
- Use a glass of the liquid fertilizer to topdress your crops
Liquid Fertilizer from Animal Dung
Animal dung is rich in phosphorous as well as other nutrients.
- Collect 4 kg of fresh animal waste e.g. cow dung in a sack
- Tie and dip the sack into a 20 L container of water under a shade (The dung should be about half the volume of the container)
- Close the container
- Continually stir the water every three days. Minerals in the sack will go to the water in the tank
- After 2-3 weeks, the water will turn dark brown and will be full of minerals
- Remove the sack and use the remains as mulch around your trees
- Dilute the liquid manure before application. Use 1 portion of the manure with 1-2 portions of water
- Use a glass of the manure tea around the base of your plant
Tips for Best Results;
- Since the manure tea is concentrated with minerals, it can burn the root system of your crop. Ensure that you have diluted the product before application.
- Ensure that you prepare the liquid manure under a shade to prevent the nutrients from being evaporated by the sun.